Oxford history of Ancient Egypt - Ian Shaw.
Osirus & The Egyptian Resurrection - Wallis Budge.
Egypt: Child of Africa - Van Sertima.
Agriculture in Egypt
From Pharaonic to Modern Times
edited by Alan K Bowman & Eugene Rogan
THE BRITISH MUSEUM DICTIONARY OF ANCIENT EGYPT by Ian Shaw and Paul Nicholson.
THE OXFORD HISTORY OF ANCIENT EGYPT edited by Ian Shaw.
ANCIENT EGYPT: THE GREAT DISCOVERIES by Nicholas Reeves.
THE EGYPTIANS (ancient people and places) by Cyrail Aldred, Aidan Dodson
THE COMPLETE VALLEY OF THE KINGS by Nicholas Reeves and Richard Wilkinson.
CHRONICLE OF THE PHARAOHS by Peter Clayton
THE COMPLETE TEMPLES OF ANCIENT EGYPT by Richard Wilkinson
THEBES IN EGYPT: A Guide to the Tombs and Temples of Ancient Luxor by Nigel & Helen Strudwick.
AN ILLUSTRATED DICTIONARY OF THE GODS & SYMBOLS OF ANCIENT EGYPT by Manfred Lurker, Peter Clayton (editor). A compact guide to the gods and symbols of ancient Egypt, their interpretation, their significance and their cults. It answers questions such as why the jackal represents Anubis, the embalmer god, and why the dung beetle represents the sun god Khepri.
THE GODS OF ANCIENT EGYPT by Barbara Watterson (editor). Recounts in good detail the sometimes racy, and amusing mythological tales associated with the major cult deities, together with the significance of the religious artifacts of Ancient Egypt, from the smallest amulet to the greatest temple.
A DICTIONARY OF EGYPTIAN GODS AND GODDESSES by George Hart. All those interested in Ancient Egyptian mythology may value this comprehensive handbook which details the major gods and goddesses and presents a broad survey of many others.
THE EGYPTIAN BOOK OF THE DEAD by Raymond Oliver Faulkner (editor). This volume integrates text translation and full color photographs of the Papyrus of Ani (commonly referred to as the Egyptian Book of the Dead), an almost 3,500 year old scroll of ancient Egyptian spiritual and philosophic teachings.
Monarchs of the Nile (Paperback)
by Aidan Dodson
The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt: A Genealogical Sourcebook of the Pharaohs — by Aidan Dodson, Dyan Hilton
Models of Daily Life in Ancient Egypt from the Tomb of Meket-Re at Thebes (posth.,1955 by Herbert Winlock
Egypt in Africa edited by Theodore Celenko
Ancient Egypt in Africa edited by David O'Connor
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Book Review by Timothy Kendall
Ancient Egypt in Africa, David O'Connor and Andrew Reid, eds. London: University College London Press, 2003. In Encounters with Ancient Egypt series. 200 pages
Ancient Egypt in Africa presents twelve probing essays addressing aspects of the question, "To what extent can ancient Egyptian civilization be characterized as 'African'?" In the traditional view, formulated by European and American scholars in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Egypt, despite being in Africa, was not of Africa. The racist/colonialist view that Africa and African peoples were incapable of high cultural attainment naturally resulted in the view that Egypt was a non-African country, more closely connected to the Near Eastern and Mediterranean worlds and populated by peoples more akin to "civilized" Europeans. To these scholars, inner Africa was perceived only as a source of raw materials and slaves. Such interpretations of ancient history were important in order to maintain European authority and power within Africa. In reaction, African and African American scholars, mostly in the latter twentieth century, adopted an opposite paradigm: that ancient Egypt was not only an African civilization, populated by "black" Africans, but also a civilization that imparted its culture to the rest of Africa as well as Europe.
O'Connor and Reid's introduction provides a fascinating overview of how current ideas about ancient Egypt and Africa have been shaped and distorted by modern ethnic, cultural, and religious bias. "For the most part," they write, "locating Ancient Egypt has been an exercise in ideological definition, serving less to understand Ancient Egypt itself and more to define the position of the commentator". From this point they introduce the essays, which document the conflicting and changing views of ancient Egypt within Africa, and examine recent archaeological work in Africa that renders irrelevant race-based theory, creates a more sophisticated view of ancient African cultural diversity, and offers commonsense directions for future research.
Along with its fine introduction, the book contains eleven chapters by the following authors:
Martin Bernal ("Afrocentrism and Historical Models for the Foundation of Ancient Greece");
John North ("Attributing Colour to the Ancient Egyptians: Reflections on Black Athena");
Michael Rowlands ("The Unity of Africa"); Andrew Reid ("Ancient Egypt and the Source of the Nile");
Caleb A. Folorunso ("Views of Ancient Egypt from a West African Perspective");
Kevin MacDonald ("Cheikh Anta Diop and Ancient Egypt in Africa");
Bruce B. Bennett ("Ancient Egypt, Missionaries, and Christianity in Southern Africa");
David Wengrow ("Landscapes of Knowledge, Idioms of Power: The African Foundations of Ancient Egyptian Civilization Reconsidered");
David H. Edwards ("Ancient Egypt in the Sudanese Middle Nile: A Case of Mistaken Identity?");
Robert G. Morkot ("On the Priestly Origin of the Napatan Kings: The Adaptation, Demise, and Resurrection of Ideas in Writing Nubian History"); and
Dorian Q. Fuller ("Pharaonic or Sudanic? Models for Meroitic Society and Change").
Unfortunately there is no chapter providing an overview of the Afrocentric movement in the U.S. or reviewing and referencing the writings of its leading exponents. This is a great pity, for it is precisely these people and their considerable following who need this book the most. By excluding them, and even any reference to them, the book implies that they are unworthy of consideration. This seems an opportunity missed.
Nevertheless, this book, with its bibliographical pot pourri, should be required reading for all serious students of Egyptology, Africana, and African studies. — Timothy Kendall