Recommend Books On Dynastic Kmt Egypt

Oxford history of Ancient Egypt - Ian Shaw.
Osirus & The Egyptian Resurrection - Wallis Budge.
Egypt: Child of Africa - Van Sertima.


Agriculture in Egypt
From Pharaonic to Modern Times
edited by Alan K Bowman & Eugene Rogan

Reprinted 2001




THE EGYPTIANS (ancient people and places) by Cyrail Aldred, Aidan Dodson

THE COMPLETE VALLEY OF THE KINGS by Nicholas Reeves and Richard Wilkinson.



THEBES IN EGYPT: A Guide to the Tombs and Temples of Ancient Luxor by Nigel & Helen Strudwick.

AN ILLUSTRATED DICTIONARY OF THE GODS & SYMBOLS OF ANCIENT EGYPT by Manfred Lurker, Peter Clayton (editor). A compact guide to the gods and symbols of ancient Egypt, their interpretation, their significance and their cults. It answers questions such as why the jackal represents Anubis, the embalmer god, and why the dung beetle represents the sun god Khepri.

THE GODS OF ANCIENT EGYPT by Barbara Watterson (editor). Recounts in good detail the sometimes racy, and amusing mythological tales associated with the major cult deities, together with the significance of the religious artifacts of Ancient Egypt, from the smallest amulet to the greatest temple.

A DICTIONARY OF EGYPTIAN GODS AND GODDESSES by George Hart. All those interested in Ancient Egyptian mythology may value this comprehensive handbook which details the major gods and goddesses and presents a broad survey of many others.

THE EGYPTIAN BOOK OF THE DEAD by Raymond Oliver Faulkner (editor). This volume integrates text translation and full color photographs of the Papyrus of Ani (commonly referred to as the Egyptian Book of the Dead), an almost 3,500 year old scroll of ancient Egyptian spiritual and philosophic teachings.

Monarchs of the Nile (Paperback)
by Aidan Dodson

The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt: A Genealogical Sourcebook of the Pharaohs — by Aidan Dodson, Dyan Hilton

Models of Daily Life in Ancient Egypt from the Tomb of Meket-Re at Thebes (posth.,1955 by Herbert Winlock

Egypt in Africa edited by Theodore Celenko

Ancient Egypt in Africa edited by David O'Connor


BAER, K., Rank and Title in the Old Kingdom, Chicago, 1960, 35(32) BAE/Ran

BAINES, J., Fecundity Figures. Egyptian Personification and the Iconology of a Genre, Chicago, 1985

BLACKMAN, A.M. (Ed.), Middle Egyptians Stories, Bruselas, 1972

BLACKMAN, A.M., The Rock Tombs of Meir, Londres, 1914, vols. 1, 4, 5 y 6, 904(32)

BREASTED, J.H., Ancient Records of Egypt. Historical Documents from the Earliest Times to the Persian Conquest, Nueva York, 1962, Vols.: I= D.I-XVII; II= D.XVIII; III= D.XIX; IV= D.XX-XXVI; V= Indices, 930.

BREASTED, J.H., Development of Religion and Thought in Ancient Egypt, Londres, 1912, 292(32) BRE/Dev

BREWER, D.; FRIEDMAN, R., Fish and Fishing in Ancient Egypt, Warminster, 1989, 62(32) BRE/Fis

BREWER, D.; REDFORD, D.B.; REDFORD, S., Domestic Plants and Animals. The Egyptian Origins, Warminster, 1995, 62(32)

BUTZER, K.W., Early Hydraulic Civilization in Egypt. A Study in Cultural Ecology, Londres-Chicago, 1976, 008(32)

CAMINOS, R.A., A Tale of Woe from a Hieratic Papyrus in the A.S. Pushkin Museum of Fine Artsin Moscow, Oxford, 1977, 930.2(P)

CRAWFORD, D.J., Kerkeosiris. An Egyptian Village in the Ptolemaic Period, Cambridge, 1971, 91(32)

DAVIES, N. de G., The Mastaba of Ptahetep and Akhethetep at Saqqareh, Londres, 1900, 904

DEMARÉE, R.J.; EGBERTS, A. (Eds.), Village Voices. Proceedings of the Symposium "Texts from Deir El-Medina and their interpretation", Leiden, 1992, 930.2(32) Vil

EDGAR, C.C., Zenon Papyry, El Cairo, 1925-1931, 4 vols., 930.2(P) EDG/Zen

EMERY, W.B., Archaic Egypt, Aylesbury, 1972, 008(32) EME/Arc

FAULKNER, R.O., A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian, Oxford, 1988, 809.3 FAU/Con

FAULKNER, R.O., An Ancient Egyptian Book of Hours (Pap.British Museum 10.569), Oxford, 1958,

FORMAN, W.; QUIRKE, S., Hieroglyphs and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt, Londres, 1996, 893 FOR/Hie

FRIEDMAN, R.; ADAMS, B. (Eds.)/ HOFFMAN, M.A. (Hom.), The Followers of Horus. Studies Dedicated to Michael Allen Hoffman, Oxford, 1992, 08 Hoffman

GARDINER, A.H.; SETHE, K. (Eds.), Egyptian Letters to the Dead, Oxford, 1975 (1928), 930.2(32) EGY

GARDINER, A H., Egyptian Grammar. Being an Introduction to the Study of Hieroglyphs, Oxford, 1957, 809.3 GAR/Egy

GARDINER, A.H. (Ed.), Ramesside Administrative Documents, Oxford, 1995, 809.3 Ram

GARDINER, A.H., Late-Egyptian Stories, Bruselas, 1932, 930.2(32) GAR/Lat

GARDINER, A.H., The Admonitions of an Egyptian Sage. Form a Hieratic Papyrus in Leiden (Pap. Leiden 344 recto), Hildesheim, 1969, 930.2(P) GAR/Adm

GARDINER, A.H., The Chester Beatty Papyri nº1, Oxford, 1931

GOEDICKE, H., The Report about the Dispute of a Man with his Ba, Baltimore-Londres, 1970. Desaparecido

GRIFFITH, F.L., Hieratic Papyri from Kahun and Gurob, Londres, 1898, microficha

GRIFFITH, M.A., Meroitic Inscriptions, Londres, 1912, 809.3 GRI/Mer

GRIFFITHS, J.G., The Conflict of Horus and Seth from Egyptian and Classical Sources. A Study in Ancient Mythology, Liverpool, 1960, 292(32) GRI/Con

HAYES, W.C. (Ed.), A Papyrus of the Late Middle Kingdom in the Brooklyn Museum

HAYES, W.C., Egypt. From the Death of Ammenemes III to Sequenenre II, Cambridge, 1965

HAYES, W.C., Egypt. Internal Affairs from Thutmosis I to the Death of Amenophis IIII, Cambridge 1966

HAYES, W.C., The Scepter of Egypt. A Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York, 1990, 2 vols., 904(32) HAY/Sce

HOFFMAN, M.A., Egypt before the Pharaons. The Prehistoric Foundations of Egyptian Civilization., Londres, 1980.

HORNUNG, E., Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt. The One and the Many, Ithaca, 1985, 292(32) HOR/Con

HOULIHAN, P.F. (Ed.) / GOODMAN, S. (Colab.), The Birds of Ancient Egypt, Warminster, 1986, 59(32) HOU/Bir

JAMES, T.G.H., The Mastaba of Khentika Called Ikhekhi, Londres, 1953, 904(32) JAM/Mas

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LICHTHEIM, M., Ancient Egyptian Literature. A Book of Readings, Berkeley, 1980, Vol. III, 893 LIC/Anc

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Book Review by Timothy Kendall
Northeastern University
Boston, Massachusetts

Ancient Egypt in Africa, David O'Connor and Andrew Reid, eds. London: University College London Press, 2003. In Encounters with Ancient Egypt series. 200 pages


Ancient Egypt in Africa presents twelve probing essays addressing aspects of the question, "To what extent can ancient Egyptian civilization be characterized as 'African'?" In the traditional view, formulated by European and American scholars in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Egypt, despite being in Africa, was not of Africa. The racist/colonialist view that Africa and African peoples were incapable of high cultural attainment naturally resulted in the view that Egypt was a non-African country, more closely connected to the Near Eastern and Mediterranean worlds and populated by peoples more akin to "civilized" Europeans. To these scholars, inner Africa was perceived only as a source of raw materials and slaves. Such interpretations of ancient history were important in order to maintain European authority and power within Africa. In reaction, African and African American scholars, mostly in the latter twentieth century, adopted an opposite paradigm: that ancient Egypt was not only an African civilization, populated by "black" Africans, but also a civilization that imparted its culture to the rest of Africa as well as Europe.

O'Connor and Reid's introduction provides a fascinating overview of how current ideas about ancient Egypt and Africa have been shaped and distorted by modern ethnic, cultural, and religious bias. "For the most part," they write, "locating Ancient Egypt has been an exercise in ideological definition, serving less to understand Ancient Egypt itself and more to define the position of the commentator". From this point they introduce the essays, which document the conflicting and changing views of ancient Egypt within Africa, and examine recent archaeological work in Africa that renders irrelevant race-based theory, creates a more sophisticated view of ancient African cultural diversity, and offers commonsense directions for future research.

Along with its fine introduction, the book contains eleven chapters by the following authors:

Martin Bernal ("Afrocentrism and Historical Models for the Foundation of Ancient Greece");

John North ("Attributing Colour to the Ancient Egyptians: Reflections on Black Athena");

Michael Rowlands ("The Unity of Africa"); Andrew Reid ("Ancient Egypt and the Source of the Nile");

Caleb A. Folorunso ("Views of Ancient Egypt from a West African Perspective");

Kevin MacDonald ("Cheikh Anta Diop and Ancient Egypt in Africa");

Bruce B. Bennett ("Ancient Egypt, Missionaries, and Christianity in Southern Africa");

David Wengrow ("Landscapes of Knowledge, Idioms of Power: The African Foundations of Ancient Egyptian Civilization Reconsidered");

David H. Edwards ("Ancient Egypt in the Sudanese Middle Nile: A Case of Mistaken Identity?");

Robert G. Morkot ("On the Priestly Origin of the Napatan Kings: The Adaptation, Demise, and Resurrection of Ideas in Writing Nubian History"); and

Dorian Q. Fuller ("Pharaonic or Sudanic? Models for Meroitic Society and Change").

Unfortunately there is no chapter providing an overview of the Afrocentric movement in the U.S. or reviewing and referencing the writings of its leading exponents. This is a great pity, for it is precisely these people and their considerable following who need this book the most. By excluding them, and even any reference to them, the book implies that they are unworthy of consideration. This seems an opportunity missed.

Nevertheless, this book, with its bibliographical pot pourri, should be required reading for all serious students of Egyptology, Africana, and African studies. — Timothy Kendall


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